Parties are an important part of any society’s history, and most governments are based around a particular party. This is not always the case however. In recent years many European nations have had parties that split the social class, while many North American nations have elected governments that are made up of the left or right.
Europe has divided into four parts, Northern, Middle, Southern and Baltic. Each of these party groups has a representative in the European Parliament. These parties are known as ‘Europeans’ in reference to the names of their constituent states.
In the United States, there is a two-party national party system, which means that there is one head of government in each of the 50 states. The Democrats and Republicans both control a legislature of representatives. Although this does provide the minority parties with a certain amount of say in policy decisions, they cannot command the majority. In many respects, it also allows for a state like Maryland to have two Democratic representatives and two Republican representatives, while California has a Democratic representative but a Republican member of the California Assembly.
In addition to a two-party system, a system that combines both parties can be found in many other places around the world, including Canada and New Zealand. The three major parties there have two representatives in each of their houses of parliament. In most European countries, however, there is no party system at all. Instead, a coalition of national parties governs, which means that each party only holds a portion of power and is represented by only one member of parliament.
Because most political parties in Western countries have been around for decades, they have developed certain traditions and practices that have survived the test of time. The major parties in Europe have become more efficient at garnering support from voters in recent times and have learned new techniques for influencing government policies. Many parties that form coalitions to govern together in most nations and often include the far-right and far-left in their governing councils.
In Canada and New Zealand, however, political parties were once formed in parallel and in many cases did not overlap until the twentieth century, when the existence of the European Union forced them to work together as one entity. When this happened, a common policy emerged, and parties gradually broke away from their national loyalties to form a distinct political culture and political system.